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Gambling In America - 1999: A Comparison of Adults and Teenagers

GALLUP RELEASES SOCIAL AUDIT ON GAMBLING IN AMERICA

Two-thirds of Americans approve of gambling, but serious reservations remain about the impact of legal betting on sports events, the effects of casinos on local communities, and the growth of youth gambling. Almost half of Americans favor keeping gambling at its current level, while the rest are divided over whether legalized gambling should be expanded, reduced or banned altogether.

As the National Gambling Impact Study Commission prepares to release its report on the social and economic impacts of gambling in the United States, a new Gallup Poll Social Audit shows nearly two-thirds (63%) of American adults approve of legalized gambling, while 32% oppose it. The poll also shows American teenagers are more evenly divided in their support for legalized gambling, with 52% of those aged 13-17 in favor and 47% opposing it.

However, both teens and adults see problems with legalized gambling. Two-thirds of both groups believe betting on sports events leads to cheating or "fixing" of games, and 57% of adults oppose legalized betting on sports events as a way to raise state revenues.

Fifty-six percent of adults believe casinos have a negative impact on family and community life in the cities in which they operate, even though a majority (67%) says that gambling helps the local economy. Twenty-two percent of Americans say that legalized gambling should be expanded, 47% say that it should stay at current levels, and 29% believe that it should be reduced or banned altogether.

GAMBLING BEHAVIOR
Nearly seven out of ten adults and 26% of teens have taken part in some form of legal gambling, with lotteries being the favorite form of most Americans. Fifty-seven percent have purchased a lottery ticket within the last year, while 31% of Americans have gambled in a casino. However, only 26% of those who have gambled within the last 12 months claim to be "ahead" in their winnings, while 49% admit to losing money.

The Gallup results also counter a stereotype of gamblers as lower class and lower-income. The results find that 75% of those earning at least $75,000 annually take part in some form of gambling, while 63% of those earning less than $25,000 do. The same trends hold for education, as 72% of college graduates report some form of gambling in the past year, compared to 61% of those who did not complete high school. Men tend to gamble more than women do, and among religious groups, Catholics are far more likely to gamble than Protestants and members of other religious groups.

CASINOS AND COMMUNITIES
There is a clear distinction in Americans' minds about the economic benefits of casinos and the social impact on the communities in which they operate. Two-thirds (67%) of adults claim casinos generally help a community's economy, but 56% believe they damage everyday family and community life. Teens are more evenly divided on the economic impact (51% say they help, 45% say they hurt), but opposition is even stronger on the social impact - 70% of teens believe casinos hurt a community.

PROBLEM GAMBLING
Eleven percent of adults say they sometimes gamble more than they should, with that opinion more prevalent among men than women - and among those who report a family history of gambling problems. In addition, 9% of adults - up from four percent in a 1989 Gallup poll - and 10% of teens report that gambling has caused problems in their family. Also, 41% of adults and 28% of teens say they know someone outside their family for whom gambling has become a problem.

TEEN GAMBLING
The Gallup survey provides some justification for concerns about teen gambling: 20% of teens say they gamble more than they should, compared to just 11% of adults. Teens also tend to be more positive about the success of their gambling: 61% claim to be "ahead" on their wagers over the last year, while only 26% of adults make the same claim. Finally, 29% of teen gamblers claim to have made their first wagers when they were ten years old or younger, and a surprising number of teens bet on professional and college sports (27% bet on professional events, while 18% bet on college games). This, despite the fact that almost all legal gambling is restricted to those over 18 years of age

GAMBLING AS A SOURCE OF STATE REVENUE
Lotteries have become an important source of funds for many states, and 75% of adults support this form of gambling as a way to raise state revenue. Bingo for cash prizes receives support from 74% of adults for this purpose, while 63% support casino gambling. Off-track betting on horse races, betting on professional sports events, and video poker all receive significantly less support.

GAMBLING AND THE INTERNET
There is far less support for gambling on the Internet than for other forms of legalized gambling. Three out of four adults (75%) disapprove of online gambling, while 20% approve. In addition, 76% of adults and 70% of teens believe it is easy for teens to gamble on the internet, and a majority of both teens and adults believe that Internet access has increased gambling among teens. However, despite this perception, only 2% of teens report using the Internet to gamble.

METHODOLOGY
This poll was conducted among 1,523 American adults 18 years and older, along with 501 teens (ages 13-17) living in the continental United States between April 30 and May 23, 1999. The interviews were conducted by telephone in both English and Spanish. For results based on samples of these sizes, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects could be plus or minus 3 percentage points for adults and plus or minus 5 percentage points for teens.

Additional information regarding the study may be obtained from:

Dr. Sheila Kearney (business inquiries) or
Dr. Jack Ludwig (media inquiries)
THE GALLUP ORGANIZATION, INC.
Social Audit Division
502 Carnegie Center, Suite 300
Princeton, NJ 08540 U.S.A.
Telephone: 609-924-9600
Fax: 609-924-0228
E-mail: sheila_kearney@gallup.com or jack_ludwig@gallup.com

Methodology
The study is based on telephone interviews with a randomly selected national sample of 1,523 adults (18+) and 501 teens (ages 13-17), conducted April 30 - May 23, 1999. For results based on a sample of this size, one can say with 95 percent confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects could be plus or minus 3 percentage points for adults (18+), and plus or minus 5 percentage for teens (13-17 year olds).

1. First, generally speaking, do you approve or disapprove of legal gambling or betting?

   
Ap-
prove
Dis-
ap-
prove
No opinion Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 63% 32% 5% 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 52 47 1 501

1a. And do you feel strongly about that or not? (Based on those who approve or disapprove)

    Yes, Strong-
ly Ap-
prove
No, Not Strong-
ly Ap-
prove
Not Strong-
ly Dis-
ap-
prove
Strong-
ly Dis-
ap-
prove
DK/
Refused
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 25% 38% 11% 21% 5% 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 17 34 22 25 2 501

1b. What are the one or two most important reasons why you (response in #1) of legal gambling? (Based on those who approve or disapprove)

APPROVE OF GAMBLING
ADULTS (n=964)
%
APPROVE OF GAMBLING
TEENS (n=251)
%
Choice/Right/Freedom 30 It's fun/enjoy/like it/entertainment 30
Source of state revenue/decrease taxes/provide funding 18 Choice/right/freedom 20
It's fun/enjoy/like it/entertainment 29 Way to make money/win money 18
See nothing wrong with it/harmless 8 See nothing wrong with it/harmless 14
People will gamble anyway 7 Source of state revenue/decrease taxes/provide funding 6
Way to make money/win money 6 It's legal 5
Better to be legalized/controlled 5 Better to be legalized/controlled 2
Creates jobs/brings business 4 People need to be responsible 2
It's legal 2 Ruins lives/people lose everything/get into debt/misuse finances 2
I gamble 2 People will gamble anyway 1
Revenue benefits Native Americans 1 Creates jobs/brings business 1
Adults only/not for children 1 Revenue benefits Native Americans 1
People need to be responsible 1 Adults only/not for children 1
Crime/violence/corruptive 1 Lose money 1
Work in gambling industry 1 Causes problems for family 1
Better ways to spend money 1 Other 7
Other 8 None 4
None 2 DK/
Refused
10
DK/
Refused
2    
       
DISAPPROVE OF GAMBLING
ADULTS (n=485)
%
DISAPPROVE OF GAMBLING
TEENS (n=241)
%
Ruins lives/people lose everything/get into debt /misuse finances 25 Ruins lives/people lose everything/get into debt /misuse finances 29
Addictive 20 Waste of time and/or money 14
Crime/violence/corruptive 16 It's wrong/bad 12
Religious convictions 14 Addictive 10
Causes problems for family 9 Religious convictions 9
People in lower income or on welfare gamble 8 Don't like it 8
Waste of time and/or money 7 Lose money 6
Don't like it 7 Crime/violence/corruptive 5
It's wrong/bad 6 Causes problems for family 5
Lose money 4 Better ways to spend money 3
Better ways to spend money 3 Adults only/not for children 2
Moral issues 3 Wasn't raised to gamble 2
Government misuses gambling revenue 2 It's fun/enjoy it/entertainment 1
Adults only/not for children 1 People need to be responsible 1
Wasn't raised to gamble 1 Other 11
Way to make money/win money 1 None 3
Source of state revenue/decrease taxes/provide funding 1 DK/
Refused
9
Other 13    
None 1    
DK/
Refused
2    

2. As you may know, some states legalize betting so that the state can raise revenues. Please tell me whether you approve or disapprove of each of the following types of betting as a way to help YOUR STATE raise revenue. First, do you approve or disapprove of (read and rotate A-F)? Do you approve or disapprove of it being legal?

A. Bingo for cash prizes

    Approve
%
Dis-
approve
%
No Opinion
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 74 24 2 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 77 20 3 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 72 25 3 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 75 23 2 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 86 14 - 501

B. Casino gambling

    Approve
%
Dis-
approve
%
No Opinion
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 63 36 1 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 61 39 - 501

C. Lotteries for cash prizes

    Approve
%
Dis-
approve
%
No Opinion
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 75 24 1 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 77 22 1 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 75 24 1 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 78 21 1 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 82 18 - 501
2. As you may know, some states legalize betting so that the state can raise revenues. Please tell me whether you approve or disapprove of each of the following types of betting as a way to help YOUR STATE raise revenue. First, do you approve or disapprove of (read and rotate A-F)? Do you approve or disapprove of it being legal?

D. Off-track betting on horse races

    Approve
%
Dis-
approve
%
No Opinion
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 53 44 3 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 55 41 4 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 49 47 4 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 54 42 4 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 55 43 2 501

E. Betting on professional sports, such as baseball, basketball, or football

    Approve
%
Dis-
approve
%
No Opinion
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 41 57 2 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 40 58 2 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 33 65 2 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 42 55 3 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 60 40 - 501

F. Video poker machines at local establishments

    Approve
%
Dis-
approve
%
No Opinion
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 42 55 3 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 37 59 4 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22* 38 52 10 1,007
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 53 46 1 501

Wording Notes:
*Video Poker

Note: Questions 3 & 4 were randomly rotated during the course of interviewing

3. Next, I'm going to read some questions concerning gambling. For each one, please say whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree? First, (read and rotate A-E)?

A. Legalized gambling provides necessary revenue to states to fund government programs and keeping taxes under control

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 24 34 16 23 3 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 15 45 24 15 1 501

B. States that prohibit gambling are making a mistake by losing gambling revenue to neighboring states

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 25 27 22 23 3 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 13 32 33 21 1 501

C. Gambling is a form of entertainment that if done in moderation, is no better or no worse than other activities, like attending sports events or movies

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 46 29 9 15 1 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 39 30 15 16 - 501

D. Making gambling legal limits the involvement of organized crime

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 22 28 19 28 3 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 16 26 33 23 2 501

Note: Questions 3 & 4 were randomly rotated during the course of interviewing

E. Keeping gambling legal is necessary to preserve American freedom, regardless of the problems it may cause

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 19 28 18 33 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 19 32 25 24 - 501

Note: Questions 3 & 4 were randomly rotated during the course of interviewing

4. Now we'd like to ask you a different set of questions. For each one, please say whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree? First, (read and rotate A-E)?

A. Gambling is immoral

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 16 13 27 42 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 20 28 27 24 1 501

B. Legalized gambling does serious harm to people's respect for the value of hard work

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 24 19 27 29 1 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 31 27 23 18 1 501

Note: Questions 3 & 4 were randomly rotated during the course of interviewing

C. The legal gambling industry is creating serious corruption in government

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 21 21 27 25 6 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 18 32 32 17 1 501

D. The legal gambling industry is mostly based on taking advantage of poor people

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 20 16 25 37 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 15 18 29 37 1 501

E. Legalized gambling is creating a compulsive gambling problem in this country

    Strongly Agree
%
Some-
what Agree
%
Some-
what Disagree
%
Strongly Disagree
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 28 27 21 22 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 33 32 22 13 - 501

5. In general, do you believe that legalized betting on sporting events leads to cheating or fixing games?

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 68 29 3 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 67 32 1 501

There are no questions #6, #7, and #8

9. Do you approve or disapprove of legalized gambling or betting using the Internet?

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 20 75 5 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 33 66 1 501

10. As far as you know, is it easy for teenagers to use the Internet to gamble?

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 76 9 15 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 70 21 9 501

11. Do you think the Internet has increased gambling among teens?

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 57 20 23 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 63 31 6 501

12. For each of the following activities, please tell me whether you think of them as "gambling". How about (read and rotate A-E)?

A. Church-sponsored bingo

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 59 40 1 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 25 75 * 501

B. Participation in office pools at work

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 65 33 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 40 58 2 501

C. Investing in the stock market

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 52 46 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 31 67 2 501

D. Buying state-sponsored lottery tickets

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 78 22 * 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 65 35 * 501

E. Playing poker with friends for money other than in a casino

    Yes
%
No
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 67 33 * 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 62 38 * 501
13. When casinos open in a community, do you feel that it helps or hurts (read and rotate A-B)?

A. The community's economy

    Helps
%
Hurts
%
Neither Helps nor Hurts (vol)
%
Both (vol.)
%
DK/RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 67 23 4 1 5 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 51 45 2 1 1 501

B. Everyday family and community life

    Helps
%
Hurts
%
Neither Helps nor Hurts (vol)
%
Both (vol.)
%
DK/RF
%
Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 24 56 12 2 6 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 22 70 5 1 2 501

14. Please tell me whether or not you have done any of the following things in the past 12 months. First, how about (read A-J)?

A. Played bingo for money

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 11 89 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 9 91 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 9 91 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 13 87 1,208
  63 Jan 11-16** 16 84 1,525
  50 May 4-9* 21 89 1,343
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 13 87 501

Wording Notes:
*Play bingo
**During the past 12 months, did you, yourself, happen to do any of these?

B. Gambled at a casino

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 31 69 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 2 98 501

C. Bet on a horse race or dog race

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 9 91 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30* 6 94 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22* 12 88 1,007
  90 Feb 15-18* 9 91 1,235
  89 Apr 4-9* 14 86 1,208
  50 May 4-9* 8 92 1,343
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 5 95 501

Wording Notes:
*Bet on a horse race
**During the past year, have you..…

D. Bought a state lottery ticket

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 57 43 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 57 43 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 56 44 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 54 46 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 15 85 501

E. Bet on a PROFESSIONAL sports event such as baseball, basketball, football, or boxing

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 13 87 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 10 90 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 12 88 1,007
  90 Feb 15-18 21 79 1,235
  89 Apr 4-9 22 78 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 27 73 501

F. Bet on a COLLEGE sports event such as basketball or football

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 9 91 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 7 93 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 6 94 1,007
  90 Feb 15-18 11 89 1,235
  89 Apr 4-9 14 86 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 18 82 501

G. Participated in an office pool on the World Series, Super Bowl or other game

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 25 75 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 23 77 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 22 78 1,007
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 15 85 501

H. Gambled for money on the Internet

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 * 100 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 1 99 1,004
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 2 98 501

I. Played a video poker machine

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 20 80 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 17 83 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22* 11 89 1,007
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 23 77 501

Wording Notes:
*Played video poker

J. Participated in riverboat gambling

    Yes No Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 10 90 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 1 99 501

15. Not everyone is clear about what forms of gambling are legal or illegal. Have you ever participated in any form of LEGAL gambling?

    Yes No DK/Refused Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 69 30 1 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 26 71 3 501
16. As far as you know, have you ever done any gambling that was NOT COMPLETELY LEGAL?
    Yes No DK/Refused Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 24 75 1 1,523
  93 Sep 13-15* 20 79 1 802
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 18 81 1 501

*CNBC/Gallup Poll

There is no question #17

18. Have you EVER gambled in a casino? (Base: those who have ever gambled)

    Yes No DK/Refused Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 79 21 * 1,130
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 11 89 - 188

19. How much money do you usually spend each month on lottery tickets? (Base: those who have ever gambled and those who have bought a state lottery ticket in the past 12 months)

    Less than $1 $1-$4 $5-$9 $10-$19 20-$29 $30-More No Opinion Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 15 24 25 18 11 6 1 756
  96 Jun 27-30 11 26 23 22 10 7 1 581
  92 Nov 20-22 14 28 17 19 11 9 2 567
  89 Apr 4-9 11 22 24 18 11 12 2 n/a
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 12 25 30 19 7 7 - 42

20. Besides lottery tickets, how much money have you bet or wagered in the past 12 months? (Base: those who have ever gambled)

    Less than $1 $1-$4 $5-$9 $10-$19 20-$29 $30-More No Opinion Sample size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 37 2 3 6 8 43 1 1,130
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 29 5 9 15 13 29 - 188

There is no question #21

22. Do you sometimes gamble more than you think you should? (Base: those who have ever gambled)

    Yes No DK/Refused Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 11 88 1 1,130
  96 Jun 27-30 7 93 * 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 9 91 - 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 10 90 - 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 20 78 2 188

23. Do you recall at what age you first lost money or made money as a result of a bet, a card game, or any other form of gambling? Please tell me what that age was. (Base: those who have ever gambled)

    Age First Lost/Made Money Betting
    10
or
less
11-15 16-20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 7 14 30 19 5 4 3 2 1,130
  93 Sep 13-15* 6 13 22 4 1 1 1 1 802
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 29 58 2 - - - - - 188
    Age First Lost/Made Money Betting
    46-50
%
51-55
%
56-60
%
61-65
%
66 or over
%
Have
never
gambled
(vol.)
%
DK/
RF
%
Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 1 1 * * 1 - 13 1,130
  93 Sep 13-15* 1 1 * *   22 15 802
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 - - - - - - 11 188

*CNBC/Gallup Poll

There is no question #24.

25. Considering all the money you spent on bets, wagers, or lottery tickets over the past 12 months, as well as your winnings, would you say you are ahead or behind? (Base: those who have ever gambled)

    Ahead
%
Behind
%
Broke Even (vol.)
%
DK/Refused
%
Sample Size
%
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 26 49 15 10 1,130
  89 Apr 4-9 24 58 15 3 n/a
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 61 24 10 5 188

25a. A Federal Commission is currently considering whether to recommend a suspension of adding new casinos, slot machines, and lotteries. How do you feel about this? Would you….

    Favor continued expansion of legal gambling
%
Keep legal gambling as it is now
%
Reduce Legal gambling
%
Ban Gambling Altogether
%
DK/RF
%
Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 22 47 16 13 2 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 16 45 27 11 1 501

26. Has gambling ever been a source of problems within your family?

    Yes No DK/Refuse Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 9 91 * 1,523
  96 Jun 27-30 5 95 * 1,004
  92 Nov 20-22 5 94 1 1,007
  89 Apr 4-9 4 96 * 1,208
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 10 89 1 501

27. Do you know anyone outside your family for whom gambling has been a source of problems?

    Yes No DK/Refused Sample Size
ADULTS (18+) 99 Apr 30-May 23 41 59 * 1,523
TEENS (13-17) 99 Apr 30-May 23 28 72 - 501
Gallup

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Gallup https://news.gallup.com/poll/9889/Gambling-America-1999-Comparison-Adults-Teenagers.aspx
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