Religion and Politics
Explore Gallup's research.
Biden may have picked up marginal support among White evangelical Protestants and Catholics this year compared with 2016, but it is difficult to determine what impact it may have had on election outcomes.
While Pope Francis' comments supporting same sex civil unions were a drastic shift in Catholic church guidance, U.S. Catholics have supported gay marriage for about a decade.
The evangelical vote is a topic of high interest, but defining who evangelicals are and understanding their voting intentions present challenges.
The Democratic National Convention emphasized Biden's personal faith, while Republicans continued to focus on activating their core evangelical base.
Americans' political predispositions vary significantly by their underlying religious identity, providing an important way to understand the 2020 election.
Biden is only the fourth Catholic major-party presidential nominee in U.S. history, but it's unclear if his religion will be a significant factor in the election.
American Jews remain both strongly Democratic in their political orientation and highly supportive of Israel.
Pete Buttigieg raised the possibility of a "religious left" in the coming presidential election, but relatively few liberals or Democrats are highly religious.
Trump job approval among highly religious, white Protestants is high and has remained stable since he took office.
Highly religious Americans, Jews and evangelical Protestants remain much more sympathetic to Israel than others in the U.S.
Prior to recent discussion of a possible Jewish backlash against the Democratic Party, 16% of American Jews identified as Republicans in 2018.
Two-thirds of highly religious white Protestants approve of the job Trump is doing as president, and they are likely to continue barring major policy changes.
Following expected patterns, President Trump's 31% approval rating among American Jews is 11 points lower than his approval rating overall.
Protestants are more likely to be positive about Trump than Clinton, while the reverse is true of Catholics, but these views differ significantly when these two groups are divided by race and ethnicity.