Explore Gallup's research.
In June 1971, after The New York Times published excerpts from a classified report on the Vietnam War, the so-called Pentagon Papers, the majority of Americans familiar with the articles approved of them.
During Women's History Month, Gallup takes a dive into the archives to see what Americans thought about women working before it was the norm.
When Winston Churchill delivered his famous "Iron Curtain" speech 75 years ago, Americans were reluctant to form a military alliance with the U.K. and were unsure of how to respond to Russia's postwar moves.
A sizable minority of Americans have historically been reluctant to take new vaccines, with a gap in willingness by party affiliation since 1957.
Gallup looks back at Americans' opinions as the Little Rock Nine desegregated an all-White high school six decades ago.
Polling data at the time found a majority of Americans backing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but with differences by race and region.
Reviewing Black Americans' preferred term for their race in 1969 and a half-century later, in 2019.
COVID-19 sparks a return of the World War II-era "victory gardens" trend.
In 1935, Americans had mixed views on the effect of Prohibition's repeal. In later years, most said they would vote against reinstating Prohibition.
Gallup was founded during the Great Depression, and many of its early questions asked about the economy and the government's role in reviving it.
The first question Gallup asked about race or racism came amid a high-profile stance against discrimination from first lady Eleanor Roosevelt in 1939.
On Sept. 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland. At the time, Americans favored supporting the Poles, up to a point.
Americans mostly supported statehood for Hawaii in the decades leading up to its admission into the union.
As AIDS spread in the 1980s, Gallup found some Americans expressing judgmental views about those who had contracted the disease.
Seventy-five years ago, Americans had surprising views on why the U.S. was fighting in World War II, the length of the war and postwar relations.
January marks 42 years from a record cold snap that brought unprecedented snow to Miami and created hardships for one in three Americans.
Martin Luther King Jr. advocated nonviolent tactics to advance civil rights. But in the early 1960s, Americans viewed these tactics differently.
Nearly nine in 10 Americans watched the 1991 nationally televised hearings of Anita Hill and Clarence Thomas; six in 10 said they were bad for the country.
Gallup included "socialist" as a standard option for party ID in early polling. Midcentury surveys showed Americans saying U.S. socialism was growing.
In 1886, the U.S. government imposed a tax on butter's competitor, margarine, to support the dairy industry. By 1948, 69% favored repealing this tax.