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Gallup Vault

Explore Gallup's research.

A sizable minority of Americans have historically been reluctant to take new vaccines, with a gap in willingness by party affiliation since 1957.

Gallup looks back at Americans' opinions as the Little Rock Nine desegregated an all-White high school six decades ago.

Polling data at the time found a majority of Americans backing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but with differences by race and region.

Reviewing Black Americans' preferred term for their race in 1969 and a half-century later, in 2019.

COVID-19 sparks a return of the World War II-era "victory gardens" trend.

In 1935, Americans had mixed views on the effect of Prohibition's repeal. In later years, most said they would vote against reinstating Prohibition.

Gallup was founded during the Great Depression, and many of its early questions asked about the economy and the government's role in reviving it.

The first question Gallup asked about race or racism came amid a high-profile stance against discrimination from first lady Eleanor Roosevelt in 1939.

On Sept. 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland. At the time, Americans favored supporting the Poles, up to a point.

Americans mostly supported statehood for Hawaii in the decades leading up to its admission into the union.

As AIDS spread in the 1980s, Gallup found some Americans expressing judgmental views about those who had contracted the disease.

Seventy-five years ago, Americans had surprising views on why the U.S. was fighting in World War II, the length of the war and postwar relations.

January marks 42 years from a record cold snap that brought unprecedented snow to Miami and created hardships for one in three Americans.

Martin Luther King Jr. advocated nonviolent tactics to advance civil rights. But in the early 1960s, Americans viewed these tactics differently.

Nearly nine in 10 Americans watched the 1991 nationally televised hearings of Anita Hill and Clarence Thomas; six in 10 said they were bad for the country.

Gallup included "socialist" as a standard option for party ID in early polling. Midcentury surveys showed Americans saying U.S. socialism was growing.

In 1886, the U.S. government imposed a tax on butter's competitor, margarine, to support the dairy industry. By 1948, 69% favored repealing this tax.

A majority of Americans in 1962 backed a U.S. woman's decision to have an abortion in Sweden after she took a drug known to cause birth defects.

Before his assassination, RFK was popular and faring well in polls, but he was not a shoo-in for the Democratic nomination or the presidency.

Before he was killed, Martin Luther King Jr. declared the nation "sick," tying this to racism and violence. Nevertheless, 58% of Americans disagreed.