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Minorities and Discrimination

Explore Gallup's research.

Social & Policy Issues

Americans have become less confident in recent years that equality exists for Black people in housing or jobs and, perhaps as a result, they are more supportive of affirmative action. But racial gaps in perceptions persist.

Social & Policy Issues

Thirty-five percent of Black Americans reported being treated unfairly while shopping recently, the highest in Gallup's trend. Reports of unfair treatment in other situations are steady rather than declining.

Social & Policy Issues

Sixty-four percent of Americans say racism against Black people is widespread in the U.S., a new high in Gallup's trend. The majority of U.S. adults remain dissatisfied with how Black people are treated.

Social & Policy Issues

U.S. adults' positive ratings of relations between Black and White Americans are at their lowest point in more than two decades of measurement.

The 2020 Great Jobs Report provides insight on how COVID-19 affected the quality of U.S. jobs and exacerbated existing job inequities.

by Frank Newport

Turnout among Black Americans dropped in 2016 compared with 2008 and 2012, and where it ends up this year could be a significant determinant of the election outcome.

The overall life ratings of Black Americans have eroded since 2016, but negative emotional experiences are unchanged in recent years.

Social & Policy Issues

While majorities say Black and White Americans have equal chances to get a job, housing or good education, each reading is at its lowest in over 30 years.

by Frank Newport

Americans believe racial inequities need to be fixed but are reluctant to support disruptive changes that have been proposed to bring such fixes about.

Social & Policy Issues

Americans are less likely now than at any point in Gallup's 25-year trend to say civil rights for Black adults have improved.

Social & Policy Issues

Americans' perceptions of relations between White and Black Americans are the lowest Gallup has recorded, with less than half now calling them good.

Gallup is committed to research that represents different backgrounds. Find out what we're doing to ensure all Black Americans' voices are heard.

Social & Policy Issues

In the U.S., Black adults are less likely than all other racial groups to say they feel safe walking alone at night where they live.

Social & Policy Issues

Record-high percentages of U.S. adults say Black people are treated less fairly than White people when shopping, working and interacting with police.