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Social and Policy Issues

Explore Gallup's research.

Social & Policy Issues

Ninety-four percent of U.S. adults now approve of marriages between Black people and White people. Just 4% approved when Gallup first asked the question in 1958.

U.S. investors' awareness of sustainable investing has been at a low level over the past 18 months, while their interest has waned slightly.

Social & Policy Issues

Americans regard reports of UFOs less skeptically than they did two years ago. UFO doubters still outnumber believers, but 41% now think some sightings have involved alien visitors.

Social & Policy Issues

Most Black and Hispanic Americans do not have a preference when asked which term they would rather people use to describe their racial group.

Social & Policy Issues

Americans have become less confident in recent years that equality exists for Black people in housing or jobs and, perhaps as a result, they are more supportive of affirmative action. But racial gaps in perceptions persist.

Social & Policy Issues

Americans' satisfaction with the way society treats Asian people has fallen sharply this year, after a series of violent attacks on Asian Americans.

Social & Policy Issues

Thirty-five percent of Black Americans reported being treated unfairly while shopping recently, the highest in Gallup's trend. Reports of unfair treatment in other situations are steady rather than declining.

Americans are split on whether U.S. immigration should be increased, decreased or kept at its present level.

Social & Policy Issues

Sixty-four percent of Americans say racism against Black people is widespread in the U.S., a new high in Gallup's trend. The majority of U.S. adults remain dissatisfied with how Black people are treated.

Social & Policy Issues

U.S. adults' positive ratings of relations between Black and White Americans are at their lowest point in more than two decades of measurement.

Social & Policy Issues

Black Americans' confidence in the police remains low, but it has mostly recovered from the drop seen last year after the death of George Floyd.

Americans are split into liberal, moderate and conservative camps when it comes to social issues. There is less variation on economic issues.

Americans' negative view of the state of moral values has changed little in the past year -- but this masks sharp shifts among partisans.

Americans are divided in their views of the morality of changing one's gender, with 51% saying it is morally wrong and 46% saying it is morally acceptable.

A record-high 47% of U.S. adults think abortion is morally acceptable, while 46% believe it is morally wrong. U.S. adults are also split in their self-identification as "pro-life" or "pro-choice."

Despite strong support for the objectives of ESG, Americans remain unfamiliar with the term. A business' treatment of its employees and community impact matter most.

While Americans support transgender military service, a majority believe birth gender, rather than gender identity, should govern participation in sports.

Gallup's update on Americans' worry about a host of national problems finds big changes in concerns about hunger, homelessness and race relations.

Gallup finds 5.6% of U.S. adults identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, with the majority of them saying they are bisexual.

Two-thirds of Americans approve of President Joe Biden's handling of the coronavirus response, while smaller majorities approve of his overall job performance and his handling of the economy and foreign affairs.