Explore Gallup's research.
Since President Joe Biden took office, Americans' satisfaction with specific aspects of the country has mostly stalled or diminished, falling most on the nation's military strength, immigration, gun policy and energy policy.
Biden's approval rating, Americans' satisfaction with the country's direction and economic confidence suggest Biden faces an uphill climb to win a second term.
Americans who approve of Joe Biden's job performance mostly offer general, positive statements, while his critics cite specific, issue-related failures.
The increase in Americans' identification as politically liberal over the past few decades stems from bigger shifts among women than men.
Gallup's party ID trends since 1999 show Democrats' advantages among Black and Hispanic adults shrinking to new lows, while men -- already in the Republicans' camp -- have moved even further in that direction.
Most voters believe neither the president nor most members of Congress deserve reelection, but 55% say their district representative does.
Americans are more likely to say they would back certain types of presidential candidates, such as a woman or Black adult, than others, such as a Muslim or socialist. But being older than 80 or having been charged with a felony are much bigger turnoffs for voters.
In 2023, 43% of U.S. adults identified as independents, tying the record high from 2014. Meanwhile, Democratic identification fell to a new low of 27%.
Biden and Trump are tied in favorability with Americans, but both are viewed less favorably than when they faced each other in the 2020 election.