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Gallup Vault

Gallup Vault: Americans Bought Into NATO From the Get-Go

Gallup Vault

Gallup Vault: Americans Bought Into NATO From the Get-Go

One year before the NATO treaty was signed on April 4, 1949, Gallup found 65% of Americans in favor of a mutual defense pact in which "the United States and all the Western European countries participating in the Marshall Plan should join together in a permanent military alliance." This included 68% of Democrats, 66% of Republicans and 57% of independents.

1948: Americans' Support for U.S.-Western Europe Mutual Defense Pact
Do you think the United States and all the Western European countries participating in the Marshall Plan should join together in a permanent military alliance -- that is, agree to come to each other's defense immediately if any one of them is attacked?
Apr 23-28, 1948%
Yes 65
No 21
No opinion 14
Gallup

At the conclusion of World War II, U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall determined the U.S. needed to fund the reconstruction of an economically struggling Europe to help it resist the growing influence of the communist Soviet Union. As soon as President Harry Truman signed the bill to do this -- popularly known as the Marshall Plan -- on April 3, 1948, momentum started building for the U.S. to provide Europe with military protection as well; hence, the April 1948 Gallup poll asking about a NATO-type pact.

In describing the uniformity of party support for a U.S.-Western European military alliance in that poll, Dr. George Gallup wrote, "Politically speaking, isolationism has disappeared as far as mutual treaties against aggression are concerned."

These data can be found in Gallup Analytics.

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