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Political Parties

Explore Gallup's research.

President Joe Biden and Congress continue to earn relatively low job approval ratings from the public.

Americans downgraded their "social class" after the Great Recession, and that assessment still hasn't recovered.

Seven in 10 Americans say they have given a lot of thought to the election, on par with readings in 2008 and 2020 when voter turnout was high.

Americans continue to lack confidence in key leaders' ability to do the right thing for the economy.

Immigration remains the most important problem facing the U.S. for the third month running, and it is a uniquely polarizing issue.

Joe Biden's 38.7% average job approval rating during his 13th quarter in office is essentially unchanged from the previous quarter and is the lowest for any president's 13th quarter historically.

The 2024 election isn't sparking unusually high or low enthusiasm among the American public. Republicans hold a slight enthusiasm edge over Democrats.

Americans are less likely now than in 2020 to think Joe Biden possesses a number of positive personal qualities. He still rates far better than Donald Trump for likability, but much worse than Trump for strong leadership.

Roughly equal percentages of Americans say only Trump, only Biden or neither would make a good president. Independents are skeptical of both.

Biden's job approval rating is 40%, while ratings of his handling of the economy, foreign affairs and the Middle East situation are below his overall approval.

Majorities are dissatisfied with the United States' global position, think the U.S. is viewed unfavorably and believe world leaders do not respect Biden.

Biden's overall job rating has slipped to 38%, and his ratings on immigration, the Israel-Hamas situation, foreign affairs and the economy are even lower.

Since President Joe Biden took office, Americans' satisfaction with specific aspects of the country has mostly stalled or diminished, falling most on the nation's military strength, immigration, gun policy and energy policy.

Biden's approval rating, Americans' satisfaction with the country's direction and economic confidence suggest Biden faces an uphill climb to win a second term.

The increase in Americans' identification as politically liberal over the past few decades stems from bigger shifts among women than men.

Gallup's party ID trends since 1999 show Democrats' advantages among Black and Hispanic adults shrinking to new lows, while men -- already in the Republicans' camp -- have moved even further in that direction.

Americans are more likely to say they would back certain types of presidential candidates, such as a woman or Black adult, than others, such as a Muslim or socialist. But being older than 80 or having been charged with a felony are much bigger turnoffs for voters.

Biden averaged 39.8% job approval during his third year in office, the second-lowest third-year average for recent presidents.

In 2023, 43% of U.S. adults identified as independents, tying the record high from 2014. Meanwhile, Democratic identification fell to a new low of 27%.

A record-low 28% of Americans, down from 35% in early 2021, are satisfied with the way democracy is working in the U.S.