Religion and Social Trends
Explore Gallup's research.
Trends measuring Americans' values need to be analyzed in the context of differences in question wording and changes in methodology.
Slightly less than half of U.S. adults describe themselves as religious, while 33% say they are spiritual but not religious and 18% are neither.
Recent Gallup data confirm a significant and growing relationship between religiosity and partisan identity in the U.S.
Americans' belief in five religious entities -- God, angels, heaven, hell and the devil -- have all edged down since 2016, continuing a longer-term trend.
Americans' church attendance levels dipped at the beginning of the pandemic and have remained lower since then.
Survey researchers face the difficult challenge of meaningfully defining and measuring evangelicals in the U.S. today.
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter has been identified as an evangelical for most of his public career, but defining exactly what that means today faces a number of challenges.
Although 67% of U.S. adults say they attended religious services regularly while they were growing up, 31% attend regularly today.
Coinciding with a general decline in religiosity in the U.S., a record-low 20% of Americans now say they believe the Bible is literally true.
Americans' personal religiosity is significantly related to their abortion attitudes, even after controlling for religious and political identity and other demographic variables.
About three in four Americans have a religious preference, but less than half say that religion is "very important" to them, that they belong to a church or that they regularly attend religious services.
Find out more about recent research on Americans' religious behavior in a time of significant change.
Americans have increasingly abandoned traditional values norms and are increasingly critical of major societal institutions, raising questions about the future.
Southern Baptists, meeting in Nashville for their annual convention, remain the largest Protestant denomination in the U.S.
Twenty percent of Americans report they have attended a church, synagogue, mosque or temple in person in the past week. Another 10% say they attended remotely.
The coronavirus pandemic has had little effect on Americans' attitudes and behaviors when it comes to their own religiosity, but they became more likely to think the influence of religion in society is rising.
For the first time in Gallup's polling history, less than half of U.S. adults report belonging to a church, synagogue or mosque.
While Pope Francis' comments supporting same sex civil unions were a drastic shift in Catholic church guidance, U.S. Catholics have supported gay marriage for about a decade.