WASHINGTON, D.C. -- According to a 2018 Gallup poll, 5% of U.S. adults consider themselves to be vegetarian.
- Nonwhite Americans (9%) are three times as likely as white Americans (3%) to describe themselves as vegetarian.
- 11% of self-identified liberals identify as vegetarian, compared with 2% of conservatives and 3% of moderates.
- Vegetarianism is less prevalent among older Americans: 2% of adults aged 55 and older say they adhere to a vegetarian diet, compared with 8% of 18- to 34-year-olds and 7% of 35- to 54-year-olds.
|Vegetarian||Number of Interviews|
|18 to 34||8||210|
|35 to 54||7||278|
|Based on data from July 2018|
Though plant-based diets and meat alternatives have been featured in some recent high-profile forums, including the United Nations and Democratic presidential debates, and are becoming a staple even on fast food restaurant menus, the percentage of vegetarians has remained stable over the past two decades. A 1999 Gallup survey that asked the same question found that 6% of Americans identified themselves as vegetarian.
Gallup periodically measures vegetarianism in the U.S. as part of its July Consumption Habits poll -- one of 12 surveys that make up the Gallup Poll Social Series.
Gallup's full trend on vegetarianism is available on the Nutrition and Food "Topics A to Z" page.
Explore Gallup articles about vegetarianism and other food-related topics on the "Health Habits" page.