WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Leaders from the world's largest and most influential economies gather this weekend for the G20 Summit in Osaka, Japan, where they will tackle an ambitious agenda: the global economy, trade and investment, the environment and energy, innovation, employment, women's empowerment, development, and health.
Data snapshots from Gallup's global surveys provide some insight into how people living in G20 countries -- and elsewhere around the world -- stand on several of these key issues.
Mixed Reviews on Efforts to Preserve the Environment Across the G20
French Prime Minister Emmanuel Macron this week called climate change a "red line" issue for the summit, vowing not to sign any joint statement from the G20 that did not address climate change.
Majorities in nine G20 member states, including France, are satisfied with their country's efforts to preserve the environment, while majorities in nine member states are dissatisfied.
The "most satisfied" list includes China, India, Saudi Arabia, and Indonesia, where at least three in four say they are satisfied with efforts to preserve the environment, while large majorities of those in Brazil, South Korea and Italy are dissatisfied.
Smaller majorities in the U.S. -- notably the only country in the G20 and the world to have announced its withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord -- Argentina, Mexico, Russia, South Africa and Turkey are dissatisfied.
|United States of America||46||52|
|Gallup World Poll, 2018|
Record-High Global Percentage Satisfied With Access to Quality Healthcare
Acknowledging that "global health is an important topic that is essential as a basis for sustainable growth of the global economy," discussions at the summit are expected to cover the achievement of universal health coverage, aging societies and the management of health emergencies.
Gallup has asked people around the world to rate their satisfaction with their access to quality healthcare for more than a decade. In 2018, a record-high 65% of the world's adults said they were satisfied. The only G20 countries where satisfaction falls below a majority are Italy (49%), South Africa (48%), Russia (34%) and Brazil (33%).
Employment and Women's Empowerment
Large Gender Gaps Exist in the Workforce Across the G20
Women's empowerment -- particularly their participation in the workforce -- is also expected to emerge as a key theme of the summit.
Gallup World Poll data show that substantial percentages of women remain out of the workforce in nearly all G20 member countries. The gender gaps in host country Japan were wider in 2018 than in 2014, when many G20 countries signed the Brisbane Commitment to reduce the gender gap in labor force participation. Nearly half (47%) of Japanese women were out of the workforce in 2018, compared with 28% of Japanese men.
|Women out of the workforce||Men out of the workforce||Gender gap|
|United States of America||37||29||-8|
|Gallup World Poll, 2018|
For complete methodology and specific survey dates, please review Gallup's Country Data Set details.
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